FAQ 4

 

QUESTIONS
1. Which verbs are followed by gerund?
2. Any examples of reporting verbs?

1. VERBS FOLLOWED BY '- ING' FORM

VERBS FOLLOWED BY THE GERUND

The gerund is used after certain verbs.

Example:

miss: I miss living in England.

The most important of these verbs are shown below.
Those marked * can also be followed by a that-clause

Example:

VERB

GERUND

She admitted...

breaking the window

 

THAT-CLAUSE

She admitted...

that she had broken the window.

acknowledge,*
admit,*
anticipate,* appreciate,*
avoid,
celebrate,
consider, contemplate,
defer,
delay,
deny,*
detest,
dislike,
dread,
enjoy,
entail,
escape,
excuse,
fancy (=imagine)*,
finish,
forgive,
imagine,*
involve,

keep,
loathe,
mean,(=have as result)*
mention,*
mind,
miss,
pardon,
postpone,
prevent,
propose,*
recall,*
recollect,*
remember,
report,*
resent,
resist,
risk,
save (=prevent the wasted effort)
stop,
suggest,*
understand,*

Notes:

Appreciate is followed by a possessive adjective and the gerund when the gerund does not refer to the subject. Compare :
I appreciate having some time off work. (I'm having the time...)
I appreciate your giving me some time off work.
(You're giving me the time...)

Excuse, forgive, pardon can be followed by an object and the gerund or for + object and the gerund (both common in spoken English), or a possessive adjective + gerund (more formal and less likely to be said):
Excuse me interrupting.
Excuse me for interrupting.
Excuse my interrupting.

Suggest can be used in a number of ways, but BE CAREFUL. It is important not to confuse these patterns:

suggest/suggested (+ possessive adjective) + gerund:
He suggests going to Glastonbury
He suggested going to Glastonbury
He suggested/suggests my going to Glastonbury

suggest/suggested + that-clause (where both that and should may be omitted):
He suggests that I should go to Glastonbury
He suggested that I should go to Glastonbury
He suggested/suggests I should go to Glastonbury
He suggested/suggests I go to Glastonbury
He suggested I went to Glastonbury.

suggest/suggested + question word + infinitive:
He suggested where to go.

Propose is followed by the gerund when it means 'suggest':
John proposed going to the debate
but by the infinitive when it means 'intend':
The Government proposes bringing in new laws
..

Stop can be followed by a gerund or infinitive, but there is a change of meaning - Stop doing something is do not continue with what you are doing. Stop to do something is interrupt a previous activity to start a new one..

Dread is followed by the infinitive when used with 'think', in the expression 'I dread to think':
I dread to think what she'll do next
.

Prevent is followed

EITHER by a possessive adjective + gerund:
You can't prevent my leaving.

OR by an object + from + gerund:
You can't prevent me from leaving.

Examples:

  • Normally, a mouse wouldn't contemplate marrying an elephant.
  • Most mice dread meeting elephants.
  • We can't risk getting wet - we haven't got any dry clothes.
  • If you take that job it will mean getting home late every night.
  • I can't imagine living in that big house.
  • If you buy some petrol now, it will save you stopping on the way to London.
  • She couldn't resist eating the plum she found in the fridge.
  • They decided to postpone painting the house until the weather improved.

 

 

2. REPORTED SPEECH - SUMMARY OF REPORTING VERBS

Note that some reporting verbs may appear in more than one of the following groups.

1. Verbs followed by 'if' or 'whether' + clause:

ask
know
remember
say
see

2. Verbs followed by a that-clause:

add
admit
agree
announce
answer
argue
boast
claim
comment
complain
confirm
consider
deny

doubt
estimate
explain
fear
feel
insist
mention
observe
persuade
propose
remark
remember
repeat

reply
report
reveal
say
state
suggest
suppose
tell
think
understand
warn

3. Verbs followed by either a that-clause or a to-infinitive:

decide
expect
guarantee
hope

promise
swear
threaten

4. Verbs followed by a that-clause containing should
(but note that it may be omitted, leaving a subject + zero-infinitive):

advise
beg
demand

insist
prefer
propose

recommend
request
suggest

5. Verbs followed by a clause starting with a question word:

decide
describe
discover
discuss
explain
forget
guess

imagine
know
learn
realise
remember
reveal
say

see
suggest
teach
tell
think
understand
wonder

6. Verbs followed by object + to-infinitive

advise
ask
beg
command

forbid
instruct
invite

teach
tell
warn

 

 

This website has been designed and is maintained by Alfonso Hinojosa, teacher of English at E.O.I. Santander